Sourdough croissants

A guide to patisserie quality french laminated pastry using natural yeast!

I will skip the long boring story about my love for laminated dough and get straight to the technical details. I have another post where I talk about nailing the croissants at home. Those points are still valid here too.

The fact that you are using natural yeast, doesn’t change anything with the lamination and the rest of the technicalities of making croissants. It only affects the bulk and final proofing.

The most important factor here is the strength of your starter. Only you know your starter, so it is practically impossible for me to tell you when it is at it’s peak or how much of it to use. But for the moment, I will assume that you have an active starter, with a good track record of making nice baked goods. I generally consider a starter as a good starter, if it doubles in less than 6 hours (at room temperature), once fed with 1:1 flour and water. This is just a gauge I use, and has worked for me.

sourdough croissants

To rejuvenate your starter, make sure you feed it for a whole day (every 6 hours) and that it is not starved or tucked in a fridge. Once your starter is active an bubbly (just before it collapses) is the perfect time to make the sweet starter for the croissant dough. This may sound like a lot of work, but if you are constantly baking with your starter, you usually know when your starter is at it’s peak, and for best results we have to use it just before it reaches it’s peak.

chart

Red circle shows the starter height just before it’s peak and so the red star is the time we should use the starter!

For the croissants we will make a stiffer starter, meaning using less water. In this case it is a little less than 40% water. This makes a dough ball rather than a paste. If you are not used to making stiff starters, this might seems strange at first. So by reducing water, we will slow down the activity and also, this gives us a chance to control our final dough hydration. The starter also use two tablespoons of sugar ( this can be either brown or white) This is a considerable amount of sugar and could slow down fermentation. That is why we use 50% culture. A starter made with these ratios will take roughly about 12 hours to reach it’s peak.

To make the starter, mix the starter ingredients and knead into a firm ball. Make sure everything is combined. Now let this sit for 12 hours on the counter in a big plastic container covered with a lid or cling film.

In warmer weathers, reduce this time to may be 10 hours or find a cooler place for it to sit.

The sponge will be expanded to about three times it’s original size and would feel like a sponge when you touch it. The texture will be airy and sponge like and would smell acidic. This is now ready to be mixed with the dough.

To make the dough mix all the dough ingredients and the starter sponge in a stand mixer and mix until everything is combined. When the dough forms, take it off the mixer on to a bench surface and knead slightly by hand, just to make sure it’s consistent and no lumps are present. You do not have to make it smooth, just make sure everything is properly mixed.

croissant dough

Then flatten the dough slightly, as shown in the picture below, wrap it in cling film and refrigerate for about a day (24 hours) If I mix the dough around 11 am on Friday, I usually refrigerate it till Saturday morning (9 a.m or 10 a.m). I usually do this to fit my schedule,and this retardation is forgiving, so it doesn’t matter if you over do it by a couple of hours.

This long slow proof allow yeast to multiply but without making the dough going soft. If we proof too much at this stage, we will be losing all the air during the lamination. So this is just to let the yeast kick start their fermentation.

After the long retardation, now we are ready to laminate the dough. This is the crucial bit. This is where the layers are being added. The neater the layers now, the prettier your croissants will look.

butter

We will start this by making a butter block. I use four butter ticks and about 1/3 cup of flour to make the butter slab. I read this somewhere, that flour makes butter a little bit more stable, so when we roll out, it won’t melt as fast. Because at home, we don’t have the dough sheeters, which roll out the pastry in one go. Instead we have to try rolling several times using a rolling pin. This takes time and dough sitting for too long in the room temperature isn’t a good thing as the butter tend to melt away, taking the layers with it.

butter

To make the butter slab, let butter go a little soft, just until it feels like play dough. Now all we do is mix butter with flour.

butter

Take the butter mix out and flatten it out between two cling films. The slab should be about 3/4 centimetre in thickness. Make it into a neat rectangle or a square (about 9″ by 9″ for this dough). Refrigerate this to firm up. Check this video.

For the lamination to start, the dough and the butter slab should have the same firmness. So that when we roll out, the two will expand harmoniously creating an even layer of butter and dough.

lamination

Take the dough out of the fridge, and roll it out to twice the size of the butter slab as we are going to wrap the butter with this dough. Check the image. Check this video to see how I do this.

When rolling out the dough, lightly dust the bench and use firm motion to roll out the dough to one direction. Lift the dough up and re-flour the bench to stop it from sticking and stretching too much. If your dough feels elastic let it rest in the fridge for 10 minutes before continuing.

Now wrap the butter slab with the dough and seal all sides. Now place the dough so that the closed side (the folded edge) is on either on your right or left. Follow the diagram for the folds. We will do three letter folds. If you are worried, stop at two letter folds or you can do two book folds if you like. The more you folds, the more you handle the dough and the risk of butter being melted gets higher, if you are not careful. Check this video.

lamination

Roll out the dough to about 20 inches and do a letter fold. Wrap and refrigerate for about 30 minutes. Rotate the dough 90 degrees and roll out to 20 inches again, wrap and chill for another 30 minutes. Take out the dough and give another letter fold. Repeat one more time. Place back in the refrigerator for about 30 minutes and roll out to 20 inches. Now we are done laminating.

Now wrap and let this dough rest for about 10 – 12 hours. Then we need to roll out the pastry to actual final thickness to cut out the shapes. What I usually do it cut the pastry in to two and roll out the two pieces separately. Final dough thickness should be about 1/2 centimeter.

dough
roll out in two batches

Take your time doing this. If the dough seems elastic, let it rest in the fridge and roll out again. Once the final width is achieved, wrap and chill for another two hours before cutting out shapes.

Use a ruler or a cardboard block to cut the triangular shapes. And make the croissants as shown in the pictures below.

Make a slit on the top edge and stretch it slightly

Start rolling from top to bottom.

sourdough croissants

Tuck the end underneath.

Once these are done, you can either refrigerate them for about 12 hours or let them proof straight and bake on the same day.

To prove these, place on a tray cover and let sit for about 8 hours. If you want to speed the process up, place in a slightly warmer place. I usually make the shapes in the midnight, let them sit there covered until morning and them place them in a switched off oven with a cup of boiling water, for about 3-4 hours. Then they are usually ready for morning tea (or brunch).

sourdough croissants

You know its proofed, when its swollen and wobbly. You would also be able to see all the layers.

sourdough croissants

Leaving a gap around croissants is important, as it will stop from sticking together and they will be baked nice and even all around

Once the croissants are ready, heat the oven to 420 ℉ and place a rack in the center. Prepare an egg wash by whisking together two egg yolks and a teaspoon of water.Once the oven is ready, paint the croissants with a thin even coating of egg wash. Be gentle not to disturb the fragile pastry. Also avoid egg wash dripping around the sides as it will seep to the bottom, get burnt and be messy.

Place the croissants in the oven and bake for about 20 minutes. Then rotate the trays reduce the temperature to 400 ℉ and give another 15 – 20 minutes. Keep an eye on the croissants during the final few minutes as they might burn easily. Once they are evenly golden brown, remove from the oven and place the trays on a wire rack to cool.

sourdough croissants
Bake until evenly golden brown

These are best served fresh and still warm. If you want to store them, let them cool down completely. Store in an air-tight container at room temperature for up to two days. To keep for longer freeze them sealed in freezer bags. To freshen up frozen croissants, let them thaw and reheat them in a moderate oven for about 5-10 minutes.

sourdough croissants
The jewel

There you have it! Homemade croissants are the best and when they are naturally leavained, it’s even better! Get the recipe from below and refer to the above post for execution details. It might take time to get a perfect croissants, but practice makes perfect. Give this a go and let me know how it went. If you have questions please do not hesitate to ask me either on Instagram or use the comments section below!

My usual schedule:

I usually start the process on Thursday and this fits my schedule during the weekend. You don’t have to follow this exact schedule, but it will help you get an idea on how to go about it, while not missing out on your work, routine or daily house work/chores.


Day 1 Mid day/Morning : Refresh the starter
My starter usually is kept in the refrigerator. So I let it sit outside to ferment and then feed it once and let it ripe.

Day 1 Night (around 10 p.m): Make the sweet stiff starter
Make the starter and leave on the counter

Day 2 Morning: Make the dough and the butter block
Make the dough, flatten it wrap and refrigerate. Make butter block, wrap and refrigerate

Day 3 Morning 7.00 a.m: Start lamination
Take the butter block out and leave it outside for 5 minutes. Take the dough out and start rolling. Seal the butter in dough and roll out. place in the fridge for 30 – 60 minutes.

Day 3 Morning 8.00 a.m: Complete one fold
Take the dough out finish rolling and fold like a book. Roll the folded dough halfway and place in the fridge.

Day 3 Noon 12.00 p.m: Complete second fold
Take the dough out finish rolling and fold like a book again. Roll the folded dough halfway and place in the fridge.

Day 3 Afternoon 4.00 p.m: Roll out to final thickness
Take the dough out cut it in half. Roll each half until the final desired thickness is achieved. Wrap and place place the dough sheets in the fridge to relax.

Day 3 Night 10.00 p.m: Cut shapes and make croissants
Make the croissants and leave them in the fridge, on trays.

Day 3 Night 12.00 a.m: Leave croissants to proof
Arrange croissants on trays lined with baking paper. Cover and leave on the counter top till morning ( temp is around 19 °C) In warmer months, I leave them in the fridge and take out in the morning and leave outside to proof.

Day 4 Morning 7.00 a.m: Finish off proofing
If they aren’t proofed enough, place in a slightly warmer place and keep an eye till the proof. Preheat oven. Make the egg wash.

Day 4 Morning 9.00 a.m: Baking
Egg wash and bake the croissants

Day 4 Morning 10.30 a.m: Served !
Baked croissants are ready just in time for brunch!

sourdough croissants

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80 Comments

  1. Its hard to find a really good croissant (even in Paris!), much less a sourdough one. These look just killer. I’d love to try one.

  2. Hello, i am preparing them now amd tomorrow morning i should bake them. Ill be working morning, us any change i could rake them out when i come back m, and freeze the rest. We are just having 2-3 in the morning .. and also if i can freeze them, i can put them straight feom the fridge? Thank you very much

    1. I have not frozen my sourdough croissants, so I am not sure.
      However, I have left them in the fridge over night and baked them a day later. If you leave it any longer, the yeast might lose their activity and you may not get a good rise.

      Freezing works well with commercial yeast though. I have frozen just-made, raw, unproofed croissants up to a week and they came out great.

    1. Hi Cody,
      It’s okay to have a little butter seeping out, while baking, they will disappear towards the end of the bake. If that is a lot of butter, could be one of the following reasons;
      – oven temperature too low ( make sure oven is at right temp, use a oven thermometer placed on the same rack to check this
      – the croissants were crowded on the tray ( it’s important to give enough space around each, so that they heat evenly all around
      – baking two batches at once, in two racks (always bake in single batches on one rack)
      – may be croissants were left in a too warm place ( this happens rarely if you place them in a proofer) place croissants in the fridge for 5 minutes before baking would solve this issue

      Hope my answer helps, if not let me know
      Thanks

  3. Take the cold dough from the fridge and place on a floured counter.  Roll the dough into a square that is big enough to fold the butter block into, about 10 x 10 .  Place the butter block so that the corners of the butter block are at the flat sides of the dough, kind of like a diamond in a square.

    1. Hi Dalal,
      It’s hard to tell anything without further details or a picture.
      Please check my videos on YouTube on how to fold/laminate.
      It will perhaps help you figure out what you are doing wrong/ how you can prevent this from happening in the future.
      https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=-ytVaLSkfus&t=2s

  4. Hi – These look incredible. Perfect pandemic “stay at home” project! 2 questions: Do you use salted or unsalted butter (and if you have used both for this recipe have you noticed a difference)? What is the purpose of cutting the slit into the base of the dough triangle before shaping? Thx!!

    1. Thanks. I always use salted butter, because it actually tastes better. I have noticed a difference with unsalted, but it is very mild.
      The slit is not necessary, but it allows you to stretch the base sideways a little and hence the nice shape. You will feel it when you try to roll the triangle. Try one with a cut and one without. Hope I answered your questions. Happy baking 🙂

  5. I have made a sourdough croissant but not 100% it was mixed with small amount of yeast in the final mixing it was amazing crispy and very tasty. But those looking so perfect.
    I guess you need to perfect many techniques and time that is very crucial it certainly needs patience.
    I will make the time for such gorgeous looking croissants. The good things I have laminter it makes it easier for me.
    Perhaps you should have mentioned temperatures for for fermentation I would suggest 25c but if you can push it to 27 you would speed up the fermentation process.

    1. Yes! you are absolutely correct. The technique needs time, practice and patience.
      About proofing temperatures; yes if in a bakery/patisseries, that’s what I would do (and did) too; maintain the mint temperature and it would prove faster.
      This is just casual home baking and I use my senses. And personally, I like long-slow fermentation cos, that is what sourdough is all about for me.
      But of course, you can speed things up if you wanted to.

  6. I am currently at the first dough rest prior to lamination. Do I have to wait until tomorrow morning to start lamination? Or, could I pull the dough out of the fridge tonight (about 10hrs cold fermentation) and laminate then? It’s Saturday currently; what’s the earliest I could form the croissants for proofing? My kitchen temp is routinely 65f. Thanks!!

    1. I haven’t done that Rosanne, so it’s hard to tell, without actually trying it myself. Sourdough is slow and this is the fastest I have reached so far. First proof (retardation is where the fermentation kicks in) is important for the final rise.
      If you have a dough sheeter, you can reduce resting time in between folds.
      Sorry I can’t be of any more help.

  7. Success!! I ultimately followed your directions without trying to rush the process and the resulting croissants were scrumptious! I wish I could upload a picture, they were beautiful. I did half the dough as plain croissants and half as chocolate, filled with 72% Belgian chocolate. Perfection!

    1. I’m so glad it worked out so well for you. Thanks for leaving a message. Good job on turning half into chocolate croissants 🙂 , I should try that sometimes too.
      Happy baking!!

  8. I do not get the lacy look that you have here. Croissants taste delicious, but would love to perfect my method to achieve this. I know it is difficult to give advice when you don’t know all of the variables (followed your instructions precisely) but would appreciate any bits of advice you could offer. Thank you!

    1. True!It is something you get from practice. If they taste good and flaky, I’d be very happy and not worry about the cross section 🙂
      But if I were to make one point, it would be the lamination and dough temperature. The dough should remain cold during lamination (rolling out), I can not stress this enough, if I could, I would do this whole process inside a refrigerator LOL
      Cheers!

  9. Thanks for your sharing and instructions are easy to understand.

    I have a question about the step which after all the laminations. One of your comment on 13 March (5:20pm) You had mentioned that “ I have left them in the fridge over night and baked them a day later.” is that mean after shaping? Or just after lamination? Because I cut down the hours of “starter sponge”, therefore, my baking time may changed to midnight now. I don’t want to do baking at midnight and my dough is resting 2 hours now after the lamination. That’s why I wonder to know can I shape them and cool proof in the fridge over night, please? Thank you.

      1. Hello, I have tried to make it again today, retarded overnight and proof at room temperature before bake. I thought everything were good because looks very similar to your picture; however, when I cut my first piece croissant in half, the interior looks wet, similar under cooked. I have baked them 25mins (100g each),then I put back in the oven to bake another 10 mins, lightly covered with a piece of aluminium foil to avoid get burn. Then I cut another piece after cool down, but they are still same. It happened to me third times. Do you think it is related to my shaping, maybe to tight? Or under proof? How can I show you the picture, please? Thanks for your help.

        1. Could be few things:
          -butter get incorporated to dough due to warm temperature or too much handling ( poor lamination)
          -under proofed
          -dough hasn’t got time to relax in-between folds/rolling
          You can send a picture via a Direct message on Instagram @vindiskitchen
          My suggestion is try making yeasted croissants until you perfect the lamination and then come back to sourdough. I had years of practice before getting into sourdough. Do not get discouraged, I too have had many failures in the past when I was still learning.

          1. Number11 from instructions you fold the dough then directly you roll it before place in fridge? And should the dough be tough especially after exiting from fridge or I should take it from fridge and let it be less tough before rolling it out?
            How can should I toll the dough with butter hard or gently.
            I fear if you press it, there will not be a crisp and open core like a hive

          2. Yes. You do a letter ( or book) fold and roll it out. If you feel like the dough is too soft you can always place it in the fridge for 15-30 minutes. Never let it sit outside as the butter will melt.
            It will not be tough. You have to roll it out while it is still cold. check my videos to see how I roll. The only way to lose layers is when the butter melts and get infused to the dough. You have to make croissants a few times to get the technique perfected!
            So you just have to make it once and then learn and correct your mistakes from there.

        2. Yes I saw the pictures. They are not under cooked. It is the lamination (butter is fused to dough) and then you get this brioche crumb rather than croissant. Also could be proofed a little longer.
          Get the lamination right, may be practice lamination on puff pastry. Make sure butter and dough is super cold at all times.
          You should see clear butter and dough layers once you are done laminating.
          Hope this helps!

  10. Hey! Congrats! Those look amazing.

    When you refer to thickness you write 3/4 cm. What do you mean? 0,75 cm? about 3 or 4 cm?
    And dough final thickness? You say 1/2 that I assume is 0,5 cm, wright?

    Regards

    1. Yes. That’s right 3/4 cm that is 0.75cm and 1/2cm is 0.5cm.
      And you don’t have to measure it with a tape (won’t be very practical either) but use this as a guide
      Hope this helps!

  11. Hi Vindi–

    Thanks so much for your recipe! I love how organized your blog is.

    I am going to attempt this week but I’m reading through the baking schedule… Just to make sure I’m planning this right, the entire process from sponge to bake sounds like it overlaps 4 days? Starting from sponge night 1 to bake would be morning 4?

    1. Yes. That is correct Angela.
      I like how you have read and had mentally executed it before attempting 🙂 . Way to go!

  12. Hello, thanks for putting up this recipe. Quick question – what would happen if I used an active 50% hydration starter? Thanks for your help!

    1. It is absolutely okay to use 50% hydrated starter.
      Only thing is your starter has a little bit more water, so you can use a little less water when mixing the dough.
      Always add water gradually so you can stop at the right consistency. If the dough is too wet, you can always add a bit more flour.
      Hope this helps

  13. I like this formula as the croissants are nice and buttery without being too rich, if you wanted to make them richer then use 3 unsalted butter for the lamination. You could also cut and shape on day 3 and prove for 5 hours and then bake if you wanted them later in the day.

  14. Cover the shaped dough with a plastic bag (I use clean garbage bags) and leave to proof at 68*-70*f for 18-24 hours or until significantly larger (two to three times the size), with layers separating slightly and jiggly when the pan is jostled.

  15. Hi,

    I am just about to try this recipe and have one question….you say to make the dough and then chill for day. Is this a 24 hour day, or a “working” day?

    I presume 24 hours….

    1. Yes 24 hours. It’s okay to be an hours or two +/-.
      I have mentioned everything and more in the post above, near the pictures.
      Cheers!

  16. Hi Vindi,

    where do you place your stiff starter for 12 hours? My 100% hydration starter reach peak in 5 hours ( average 30c during day time).

    And step 24, is that 12h room temperature? Whats your room temp like?

    1. I leave my stiff starter on the counter overnight. Stiff starter has less water, so it will be slow.

      Yes step 24, it is room temperature this is the final proof. My room temperature is 19C – 22C.
      If you read the post, you will see that I have explained, there are many ways you can do this.
      Also rather than trying to control temperature, look for the signs of proofed product.
      If you have a higher room temperature, yours will proof faster

  17. Is it possible to get a measurement in grams for the butter present in the dough instead of tbsp ?
    Thanks a lot.

  18. Hey can I please have a substitute for egg in the dough if possible? Btw the croissants looks killer!

  19. Hi thanks for the recipe ! Referring too step number 20 in the recipe we’re it says rest the dough 2 hours is this in the fridge or at room temp before shaping ? And does the butter not melt when they are rising at room temp or would it be better for the rise to do a slow rise in the fridge and they stay cold ? Thank you

    1. Of course in the fridge, it goes without saying ( never rest croissant dough outside)
      It’s mentioned in the description on the post, I will include in the recipe card too.

  20. Thanks so much for your amazing recipes.
    Could you please share the following measurements in grams?
    1/4 cup sugar
    1 cup of water
    1/3 cups of flour
    Also, how can you fit steps 7-23 in one day? Could I split them in two days? Maybe in step 15, letting it chill longer?
    I want to make these this week and I don’t know when to start to have them for breakfast on Sunday.
    Thanks a lot.

    1. Hi Nerea,
      You can easily google for the weight in grams of the cup measurements.
      I have explained in the post on how to reduce time to fit in to a shorter time frame.

      If you don’t have time then you can use commercial yeast and you can get croissants ready in less than a full day
      King Arthur Flour web site has a nice recipe for this and I also have a post on how to make yeasted croissants (Tackling croissants at home)

  21. Hi! I’m European and I try to stay away from recipes in cups, since they’re not accurate. We’re all about weight. Depending on the calculator you get a different measurement. I thought that maybe you had measured all the ingredients, but nevermind, I’ll try to do my best.
    I definitely want to use my sourdough starter. And I don’t want to reduce time, just the opposite. I want to do it during 5 days instead of 4, since day 4 seems a bit exhausting. I just wanted to know how to split day 4 into 2.
    An example schedule helps a lot in this kind of long recipes.
    I think I’ll start on Wednesday night and try to bake these delicious croissants by Sunday morning.

    1. Hi Nerea,
      Rough measurements are totally okay for this recipe. The only thing to be aware about is “adding water gradually” and getting the dough to right consistency, as flour types we all use are so very different to one another and some are thirstier than others.

      Oh! I may have misunderstood your question here, I thought you wanted to reduce time, my bad!
      Yes, you can take step 15 a little longer ( you can chill it up to 24 hours) Also you can shape the croissants wrap them and chill them for up to a day, then take them out and proof them before baking. I will prepare a sample schedule as soon as I get time. I usually start this on Thursday night (make my stiff starter) and bake my croissants around 10 am Sunday. Hope this helps.

  22. Great, thank you so much. I’m sorry for the misunderstanding, English is not my first language. And I meant day 3, not 4. Looking forward to making these. Thanks!

  23. Hi, thank you so much for the recipe,
    We’ve been following religiously so far (but we’ve done a vegan version using applesauce instead of egg and miyoko’s amazing vegan butter).
    Just finished lamination and it looks amazing! I wanted to ask two little things:
    1. What do you do about the edges of the dough? Ours came out a little unevenly layered towards the end, should I discard those (I mean I’ll keep them, and bake something, but maybe not croissants)? Or should we just use them and hope for the best?
    2. I just read here that step 24 is at room temp, I think we should be ok here in BC Canada, since it doesn’t get very hot right now, especially at night, but I was wondering how you keep the dough from forming a dry crust during this time. Do you cover with cling wrap? Or put the tray in a bag?

    Thanks again for this awesome recipe!

    1. That’s awesome. I’d love to see once they are baked. 🙂
      1. I use trimmings and make burger buns ( they are more like brioche buns) Great for burgers. If the edges have layers then you can just bake it into a knot or cruffin.
      2. I have mentioned to loosely cover in the post above the recipe. It’s difficult to mentions everything in the recipe card, so always read the post above and it has all the important details, consider recipe as a baseline or a guide. I leave mine in the oven (door closed) so I don’t cover the tray

      Cheers!!

  24. Thank you so much for the patience and answers. One last question.
    One last question, we’re just about to shape, and I can already tell it’ll take more than one baking sheet (which is as wide as my oven will allow) so I’m wondering if I should bake them together (one above the other, using convection) or separately? And if I bake separately, should I put one tray back into the fridge after the proving so it doesn’t over-proof while I wait, or should I just let it be while the others bake?

    1. You can bake them together if you like.
      If its convection, heating would be efficient. If not you can rotate/swap the trays during the last 15 minutes or so to get an even bake.
      Also you can refrigerate the proofed croissants too, until the oven is free.
      Usually sourdough once don’t over proof easily so you can let them sit in a cool place too.

  25. Lovely recipe! Can you tell the approximate size for the triangle that you roll into the croissant shape? Thanks!

    1. I do various sizes depending on the length and width of the final dough sheet.
      But roughly its about 8cm-10cm in width and the length is about 15cm – 20cm

  26. Hi, may I know, what is the room temperature of your room when you proof 8-10hrs before baking them? Thank you 🙂

    1. Hi Amelia, I am not referring to the temperature of my room, but the standard baking room temperature which is 70°Fahrenheit (21°Celsius)
      This is the comfortable indoor temperature and most air conditioners maintain this. Adjust the time according to your own room temp.
      Hope this helps

  27. Hi there, myloveofbaking, I’d love to try your wonderfully explained and illustrated recipe. I’ve seen slabs of butter especially for croissants. Would you suggest I try these? Many thanks in anticipation of your reply.

    1. The sourdough process spans across four days. At home , we roll by hand, so the dough need longer resting time in the fridge. Also we cant’t let the butter melt away.
      As I have mentioned, you can tweak it to suite your schedule, this is what works for me ( I work full time so I don’t have the luxury of time 🙂 ha ha and I can’t find uninterrupted time )

  28. Today, 12 hours after preparing my sweet sponge starter, when I see it in bubbles or stretch a lot and I knead with it, I fear that it will not ferment my dough.

    1. It doesn’t have anything to do with kneading and yeast. The yeast will be there and they will start to get active once mixed.
      It is not the starter sponge it self that help rise the dough, but the Yeast living in it. So don’t worry, it will be fine 🙂

  29. Can I shorten the time and after the second fold I rest it in the fridge half an hour to an hour and then spread it out to cut it and form the croissants ,then make it proof at room temperature and then bake it?

    1. The longer the dough rest (in the fridge), the easier it will be to roll out. Minimum 4 hours after the last fold before you roll out to cut shapes.
      If you feel like the dough is elastic ( difficult to roll out) then you’ll have to give it more time to relax in the fridge.
      If you cut down on time it will affect the lamination, shaping and everything.

  30. ‏Isn’t it baking for 35-40 minutes and 400-420F too much? And My Oven does not work from above and bottom at the same time only I can only light it from bottom Is there a problem with this?

    1. This is what I do in my oven. I have a bottom heated conventional oven.
      You can change the time and temperature to suite your oven and your preference. You will never know unless you try once

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